1910-1925 & 1940-1955
1919 - Bauhaus - Walter Gropius, union of art and industry; other figures: Herbert Bayer, Marcel Breuer, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Laszio Moholy-Nagy, and Wilhelm Wagenfeld- [1933 - disbanded by Nazi]
1939 - New York World's Fair - visual coherence and social harmony; Utopian dream
1944 - Council of Industrial Design; stifled creativity
1947 - Swiss design: Armin Hofmann, Emil Ruder, Kunstgewerbeschule Basel
James Montgomery Flagg designs famous “I Want YOU for the U.S. Army” poster. The poster, a self-portrait, was actually an American version of a British poster by Alfred Leete.